is a vaccine used to prevent four diseases, measles, mumps, rubella (German
measles) and varicella (chickenpox).
mumps, rubella and varicella are all infectious diseases caused by viruses. The
vaccine works by causing the body to produce its own protection (antibodies)
against these diseases.
is a highly infectious viral illness. Measles is spread by small droplets from
the nose, throat or mouth of an infected person (often before it is obvious
they have measles). Measles often begins with a fever, runny nose, hacking
cough and conjunctivitis (eye inflammation). The rash appears 3-5 days after
the onset of symptoms and spreads rapidly all over the body. Measles is often a
severe disease complicated by ear infection and pneumonia (lung infection).
Encephalitis (swelling of the brain) can also occur and can sometimes result in
permanent brain damage or death.
is an infectious viral disease spread by infected droplets of saliva. Symptoms
often begin with chilly sensations, headache, loss of appetite, general unwellness and fever. The salivary glands on one or both
sides of the face can then become very painful and swollen. Complications
include meningoencephalitis (swelling around the brain) and in older patients
the disease may involve other organs e.g. testes in males.
is generally a mild infectious viral illness spread by airborne droplets. It
can cause mild fever, general unwellness, swollen
glands and mild red rash. It often goes unnoticed in adolescents and adults. However rubella can cause miscarriage, stillbirth or birth
defects in infants born to mothers infected with rubella during the early
months of pregnancy.
is a highly infectious disease, which usually causes an itchy, red rash with
blisters. After about 1 week, most of the blisters have normally crusted over.
The rash can appear on the face, scalp, body, or in and around the mouth, eyes
and bottom. Other symptoms can include fever, headaches, chills, and muscle
and/or joint aches and pains. Sometimes disease complications can occur such as
bacterial infection of the skin (often due to scratching of the itchy
rash/crusts), inflammation of the brain (varicella encephalitis), and lung
infection (varicella pneumonia).
recovery from chickenpox generally occurs; however, later in life the virus can
become active again. This condition is known as shingles or Herpes zoster.
is the best way to protect against these severe diseases. The vaccine will not
protect against diseases caused by other types of viruses or organisms.
PRIORIX-TETRA contains live viruses, they are too weak to cause severe disease
in healthy people. Occasionally, some spots, blisters and fever may appear in
the first two weeks after vaccination.